HISTORY, DEMOGRAPHY AND  …

 

 

 

Luis Díez  Encinas

 

 

THE BIBLICAL CHRONOLOGY

 

Pubished in Spain in 1996

Translated in English in 2008

I title original in Spanish: LA CRONOLOGÍA BÍBLICA

Author: Luis Díez Encinas

Post box 61         

28911 Leganés (Madrid)

 

E-mail               Luis-diez@telefonica.net

           todo-lo-que-existe@telefonica.net

                   all-that-exists@telefonica.net

Páginas web  en español:

http://www.luis-diez-encinas.net/

http://www.telefonica.net/web2/todo-lo-que-existe/

http://www.la-cronologia-biblica.es/

http://www.todo-lo-que-existe-es-lo-mas-grande-que-existe.es/

http://www.todoloqueexistees.com/

http://www.todoloqueexistees.com/lomasgrandequeexiste/

http://www.la-cronologia-biblica.com/

 

Pages web in english:

 

http://www.luis-diez-encinas.net/

 

http://www.telefonica.net/web2/all-that-exists/

 

http://www.the-biblical-chronology.es/

 

http://www.all-that-exists-is-the-biggest-thing-that-exists.es/

 

http://www.allthatexistsis.com/

 

http://www.allthatexistsis.com/thebiggestthingthatexists/

 

http://www.biblicalchronology.net/

 

Edited and distribiuted by Luis Díez Encinas

 

Printed in Spain

 

Printed by: Beroche S.L.  Leganés (Madrid)

 

I.S.B.N.   84-607-1621-x

 

 Legal deposit: M-8257-2008

 

                                  THE WORLD OF THE BIBLE

   

5D137924


 

THE   BOOK  INDEX

                                                                                                                                                    

Chapter

Subject

Page

Index

 

      4

Dedicatory

 

    6

Introduction

 

  8

Nombres propios

Proper names

9

Theme   1

The biblical chronology  

 26

             1,1

From the fall of Babilonia until the start of christian calendar

 34

              1,2

From the construction the temple by Solomon until the                       construction

the temple after the banishmen 

 

 38

              1,3

From departing from Egypt until the construction of the temple by            Solomon  

 

 54

              1,4

From the birth of Abraham until the israelian left  Egypt

69

             1,5

 The predifloods and pastdifloods patriarchs

83

              1,6

 The tower of  Babel  

102

              1,7

 The shortest  chronology of the  bíble  

108

              1,8

 The longest chronology of the bible

110

              1,9

 The compared Chronologies 

112

               

 

 

  Theme  2

The estimated details of the population and the biblical chronology

137

 

            2,1

The development of estimation of the population

137

            2,2

 The geographical developement of estimation of the planet

157

 

 

 

Theme  3

 3,1  The symbolic numbers in the bible

163

            3,2

Number 3

166

            3,3

Number 4

176

            3,4

Numbers 3 and 4 combined

180

            3,5

Number 6

181

            3,6

Number 7

189

            3,7

Number 12

212

Theme  4

Numbers in different languages and cultures

222

            4,1

 Base 2  

222

           4,2

 Base 5

223

             4,3

 Base 7

224

             4,4

 Base 8

225

             4,5

Roman numbers

226

 

             4,6

 

 Abaco

230

 

             4,7

 Base 10  

231

             4,8

 Base 12  

234

             4,9

 Base 16  

246

             4,10

 Base 20   

238

             4,11

The surface measurement and volume

241

             4,12

Numbers with knots in the ropes

242

             4,13

 Hebrew numbers

244

             4,14

 The Greek aphabet numeration

245

             4,15

The Gothic system number

246

             4,16

The numbers in Braille

247

             4,17

 The numbers in the language of deaf and dumbs

248

             4,18

Games with numbers

250

 

 

 

Theme  5

The chronology of the writing of the bible

251

           5,1

 Books of Jewish canon

251

           5,2

  The Samaritan Pentateuco

258

           5,3

 The Greek version of the 70s

259

           5,4

 The Deuterocanonicos books

259

           5,5

 Books of christian canon

261

           5,6

  The latin vaulgate

265

           5,7

The second Apocryphal bible

266

 

 

 

Theme   6

The sun, the earth and the moon 

270

 

 

 

Theme  7

All that exists is the biggest  thing that exists

275

 

 

 

Theme   8

The evolutionary progress of the man

283

 

 

 

Conclusion

 

296

                                                                                                                                             

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                             DEDICATION

 

Dedicated to all people, but since it  is  becoming popular in some  books  to  have some type of dedication, the checked and extended edition of this book in 1998, is printed in favour of the left-handed and of those who have problems with their sight,  and for this group of persons I put the dedication.

When the left-handed write by hand in a notebook, they find it more comfortable  to write in the page of the left side and leave in white the right page, writing with the left hand without having to pass the hand over the small springs or rings of the notebook, beginning the notebook from the pages of the right and ending through the pages of the left side, passing  the sheets from the  left side to the right, as the pages are getting completed .

 

There are notebooks for left-handed in the shops of things for the left-handed, but still I have not seen printed books of such kind , since they  turn out to be more comfortable to the left-handed , and for this reason I present this book to the reader. It is necessary to start reading the book from the pages of the right and in this way pass the left sheets as you are advancing in the way that the number of the sheets increase.

 

Everything is a question of getting used to, after reading hundreds of pages in this way it will seem normal.

 

More than 5 per cent of the population of the world are left-handed and there are no books in favour of the left-handed. Also in the text of the Bible the left handed ones are discriminated putting the good ones to the right and the bad people  to the left side.

Genesis 48:17-19; Mateo 25:31-46.

 

In the catechism of the Catholic Church it appears  that is necessary to make the sign of the cross, sign and cross oneself  with the right hand, both the right handed and  the left-handed equally.       

 

In some official greetings among the military men it is obligatory to greet with the right hand. Most of the tools and utensils are made to be used with the right hand.The superstitious people say that it will bring bad luck to get up on  the left foot or something similar.  

 

In the trials the judge orders the attorney and the attorney of the defendant that they should sit down on his left side, and those who are on behalf of the supposedly good ones on his right .

 

Like in the text of The Bible, Jesus sits down on the right of the supposed  supreme judge. 

Mateo 22:44 and 25:31-34.

 

The history in this book I am telling goes back in time belonging to somehow reliable information and returning up to coming to prehistoric epochs with slightly trustworthy information and we could say that I do not tell the history forward in the course of the time.

 

In favour of those who see little, because I have lost very much the sight myself and need to read

and  write with big letters. Many people have a similar problem, and because of it I  write this book with big letters. As Paul says in Gálatas 6:11. It is supposed  that Paul had a poor sight, maybe he lost part of his sight because he was hit by a beam or  something similar according to the Facts of the Apostles

 

9:8-9, with Saulo's name. I do not comment very much about this matter, not For naming him someone thinks because of nominating Paul the boss of the deficient visual ones, and  He may take the position of  Lucia who is considered to be the mistress of the blind persons.

 

Nowadays with computers anyone can write and read, even being completely blind. Because it is possible to write with tact knowing well the position of the keys, and to read in line Braille (system of writing and reading for blind persons) reading the information of the computer with tact with the fingers on a utensil close to the keyboard, also the computer can extract the information printed in paper in Braille to read it with tact with the fingers. Also the computer can extract the spoken information, so that a person who is OK can read every word on the screen, a blind person can hear the words but not see them precisely.

 

Nowadays a blind person can read any book,  for example the Bible and study any university degree, having the information adapted to the circumstance.        

 

Also there is another type of blindness, which consists in seeing what is written but it does not pay attention to what it reads, or does not analyze well a book, many times for example the bible ,and one does not see really what comes in the Bible. And  there are still other types of blindness, since according to the fact that with the vision that normally we the human have, we cannot see everything that exists to around us, in this way  we all are partially blind we need to get help of some average means adapted to our level of vision and circumstance of each one to manage to see other worlds that surround us , and in our current circumstances we do not see them, and it is convenient to be optimistic and think that with new discoveries and new means, we will manage to see what  we do not see now.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                       INTRODUCTION

 

The Bible is a very known book all over the world, printed in almost all the languages, in some languages only part of the Bible is available and together with the bible there have been printed many books, which try to serve as help to understand the Bible, it is said that the Bible, is a sacred book, which is also named , like " The Holy Writings ", saying that it is a book inspired by God, and therefore infallibly, it is not possible to make a mistake in all that it is written, because it is  God who has said everything which is necessary to appear in the Bible.

 

Saying inspired is like saying that this come out of God's mind and it is word.Therefore everything which is written in the Bible, is according to this truth and without contradictions of the Bible.

Without the books of interpretation of the Bible, we can also come to the same conclusion, because  the same is said in Bible , for example, in 2Timotéo 3:16 17 puts: " All the Writing is inspired by God ". 2 Pedro 1:21 says " Because prophecy has never come by human will, but men moved by Holy Spirit has spoken on behalf of God ".

 

The Bible is a book that this composed by a collection of books that form  the  canon  of  the  Writings, or

books recognized by the religious leaders, as inspired by God.Three different canons exist: The first one is the Jewish canon that consists of the books that the religious leaders of the Judaism, recognize as inspired by God. The second one is the canon of almost all the Christian religions, which contains the Jewish canon, plus the canon of the Christian books. And in the third place is the canon of the Catholic Church, which includes additional other 7 books, previous to the christianity, and neither the Jews nor most of the Christian religions, recognize them as inspired by God, the same catholic Church names them "deuterocanónicos". And other religions call them" Apocrypha",  some of these books were written originally in Greek, or manuscripts older than Greek have not been in found  in Hebrew , and the Jewish rabbis only accepted the books written originally in Hebrew or Aramaic.

 

 The Christian writings of the Bible were written originally, most in Greek.

But now the great question comes. Is the Bible really a trustworthy book of information? There are proofs that justify the reliability of what is written in the Bible? Or we find proofs that indicate the opposite.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NOMBRES PROPIOS ESPAÑOL  INGLES       SPANISH AND ENGLISH PROPER NAMES            

LIBROS DE LA BIBLIA                    BOOKS OF THE BIBLE           

Libros del canon judio                                   The canon Jewish books

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Español

English

 

Español

English

Génesis

Genesis

 

Eclesiastés (Qohélet)

Eclesiastes

Éxodo

Exodus

 

Cantar de los Cantares

Song of Solomon

Levítico

Leviticus

 

Isaías

Isaiah

Números

Numbers

 

Jeremías

Jeremiah

Deuteronomio

Deuteronomy

 

Lamentaciones

Lamentations

Josué

Joshua

 

Ezequiel

Ezekiel

Jueces

Judges

 

Daniel

Daniel

Rut

Ruth

 

Oseas

Hosea

1Samuel

1Samuel

 

Joel

Joel

2Samuel

2Samuel

 

Amós

Amos

1Reyes

1Kings

 

Abdías

Obadiah

2Reyes

2Kings

 

Jonás

Jonah

1Crónicas

1Chronicles

 

Miqueas

Micah

2Crónicas

2Chronicles

 

Nahún

Nahum

Esdras

Ezra

 

Habacuc

Habakkuk

Nehemías

Nehemiah

 

Sofanías

Zephaniah

Ester

Esther

 

Ageo

Haggai

Job

Job

 

Zacarías

Zechariah

Salmos

Psalms

 

Malaquias

Malachi

Proverbios

Proverbs

 

 

 

 

 

Por orden alfabetico en español     for alphabetical order in spanish

Español

English

 

Español

English

Abdías                         

Obadiah

 

Jonás                         

Jonah

Ageo                            

Haggai

 

Josué                           

Joshua

Amós                           

Amos

 

Jueces                         

Judges

Cantar, El                    

Song  of Solomon

 

Lamentaciones         

Lamentations

Crónicas     

Chronicles

 

Levítico                     

Leviticus

Daniel                          

Daniel

 

Malaquías                 

Malachi

Duteronomio

Deuteronomy

 

 Miqueas                    

Micah

Eclesiastés  (Qohélet)                  

Eclesiastés

 

 Nahún                      

Nahum

Esdras                        

Ezra

 

 Nehemías                

Nehemiah

Ester                           

Esther

 

 Números                    

Numbers

Éxodo                          

Exodus

 

 Oseas                      

Hosea

Ezequiel                     

Ezekiel

 

 Reyes                

Kings

Génesis                      

Genesis

 

 Rut                            

Ruth

Habacuc                   

Habakuk

 

  Salmos                     

Psalms

 Isaías                          

Isaiah

 

  Samuel              

Samuel

Jeremías                   

Jeremiah

 

Sofonías                    

Zephaniah

Job                            

Job

 

Proverbios                 

Proverbs

Joel                           

Joel

 

Zacarías                    

Zechariah

 

 

Libros del canon cristiano                    Books the canmon cristiano

Español

English

 

Español

English

Mateo                 

Matthew

 

1Timoteo

1Timothy

Marcos

Mark

 

2Timoteo

2Timothy

Lucas

Luke

 

Tito

Titus

Juan

John

 

Filemón

Philemon

Hechos de los apóstoles

Acts of the Apostles

 

Hebreos

Hebrews

Romanos

Romans

 

Santiago (Jacobe)

James

1Coeintios

1Corinthians

 

1Pedro

1Peter

2Corintios

2Corinthians

 

2Pedro

2Peter

Gálatas

Galatians

 

1Juan

1John

Efesios

Ephesians

 

2Juan

2John

Filipenses

Philipians

 

3Juan

3Jonh

Colosenses

Colossians

 

Judas  (Judá)

Jude

1Tesalonicenses

1Thessalonians

 

Apocolipsis

Revelation

2Tesalonicenses

2Thessalonians

 

 

 

 

Por orden alfabetico en español     for alphabetical order in spanish

Español

English

 

Español

English

Apocalipsis                 

Revelation

 

Judas                          

Jude

Colosenses                

Colossians

 

Lucas                          

Luke

Corintios        

Corinthians

 

Marcos                       

Mark

Efesios                       

Ephesians

 

Mateo                         

Matthew

Filemón                      

Philemon

 

Pedro             

Meter

Filipenses                  

Philippians

 

Romanos                  

Romans

Gálatas                      

Galatians

 

Santiago                   

James

Hebreos                    

Hebrews

 

Tesalonicenses

Thessalonians

Hechos                     

The Acts

 

Timoteo            

Timothy

Juan                         

John

 

Tito                             

Titus

Juan 1,2,3    

John 1,2,3

 

 

 

 

Libros deuterocanonicos                            Deuterocanonicos books

Español

English

 

Español

English

Tobías                          

Tobit

 

Sabiduría

Wisdom  of Salomon

Judit

Judith

 

Sirácida (Eclesiástico)

Eclesiasticus

1Macabeos

1Maccabees

 

Baruc

Baruch

2Macabeos

2Maccabees

 

 

 

 

 

Por orden alfabetico en español     for alphabetical order in spanish

Español

English

 

Español

English

Baruc                     

Baruch

 

Sabiduría                  

Wisdom  of Salomon

Judit                            

Judith

 

Sirácida (Eclesiastico)

Ecclesiasticus

Macabeos       

Macabeos

 

Tobít                     

Tobias

 

 

 

ESPAÑOL

English

 

Geneologia desde Adán 

Genealogy from Adam

 

Adán 

Adam

Génesis 5:3

Set

Seth

Génesis .5:6

Enós

Henos

Génesis .5:9

Quenan

Kenan

Génesis 5:12

Mahalaleél

Mahalalel

Génesis 5:15

Jaréd 

Pared

Génesis 5:18

Enoc 

Enoch

Génesis 5:21

Matusalén

Methuselah

Génesis 5:25

Laméc

Lamech

Gen. 5:28-29

Noé

Noah

Génesis 7:6

Sem

Shem

Génesis 11:10

Arpaksád

Arpachsahad

Génesis 11:12

Cainán

Cainán

Lucas (Luke)3:36

Seláh

Shelah

Génesis 11:14

 Heber

Eber

Génesis 11:16

 Peleg

Peleg

Génesis 11:18

 Reu

Reu

Génesis 11:20

Serúg 

Serug

Génesis 11:22

 

 

 

Nacór  

Nahor

Génesis11:24

Taré  

Therah

Génesis 11:26

Abraham 

Abraham

Génesis  21:2-5 

Isaac

Isaac

 

Jacob

Jacob

Genesis.15:13-14

Judá

Judah

Lucas (Luke)3:33

Peres

Perez

Lucas (Luke)3:33

Serón

Hezron

 

Aram

Arni

 

Aminadab

Amminadab

 

Nassón

Nahashon

 

Salmón

Sala

 

Booz

Boaz

 

Obed

Obed

 

Jesé

Jesse

 

 

REYES

Kings

 

Saúl

Saul

1Samuel 13:1-2

Isboset

Ishbosheth

2Samuel 2:10

David

David

2Samuel 5:4

Salomón

Salomón

2Cronicas. (Chronicles)9:30; 1Reyes (1Kings)6:1

Roboán  

Rehobo

2Cronicas(2Chronicles)12:13

Abias   

Abijah

2Cronicas 13:1-2

Asa     

Asa

2Cronicas.14:1 y 16:13

Josafat 

Jehoshaphat

2Cronicas .20:31

Jorám  

Jehoram

2Cronicas  21:5-2

Ocozias

Ahaziah

2Cronicas  22:2

Atalía

Athaliah

2Cronicas  22:10-1

Joas 

Hojas

2Cronicas 24:1

Amasias

Amaziah

2Cronicas 25:1

Uzias (Azaras)

Uzziah

2Cronicas 26:3

Jotán

Jotham

2Cronicas 27:1

Acaz

Ahaz      

2Cronicas 28:1

Exequias

Hezekiah

2Cronicas.29:1

Manases

Manase

2Cronicas 33:1

Amón  

Amon

2Cronicas 33:21

Josías  

Josiah

2Cronicas 34:1

Joacaz

Jehoahaz

2Cronicas 36:2

Joaquín (Eliaquín)

Jehoiakim

2Cronicas 36:5

Joaquín  

Jehoiachin

2Cronicas 36:9-10

Sedecias (Natanias)

Zedekiah

2Cronicas 36:11

Reyes de Israel en Samaria  The kings of Israe in Samariah

 

Español

English

 

Jeroboán

Jeroboam

1Reyes(Kings).14:20 y 15:25

Nadad

Nadab

1Reyes 15:25-33

Baasa

Baasha

1Reyes15:33 y 16:8

Ela

Elah

1Reyes16:8-15

Zimri

Zimri

1Reyes(1Kings)16:15

Omri

Omri

1Reyes 16:23-29

Acab

Ahab

1Reyes19:29 y 22:51

Ocozias

Ahaziah

1Reyes22:51 y 2Reyes 3:1

Joram

Jehoram

 2Reyes3:1;9:26

Jehú

Jehu

 2Reyes10:36

Joacaz

Jehoahaz

 2Reyes13:1-10

Joás

Hojas

2Reyes 13:10 y 14:23 

Zacarías y Salún

Zechariah and    Shallum

 2Reyes15:8-17

Menean

Menahem

 2Reyes15:17-23

Pekahia

Pekahiah

 2Reyes15:23-27

Peka

Peca

2Reyes15:27 y 17:1

Oseas

Hoshea

 2Reyes17:1-5 y 18:1-11

 

Hijos de Jacob  español

English

 

1 Rubén

Reubén

Génesis 29:32

2 Simeón

Simeón

Génesis 29:33

3 Leví

Leví

Génesis  29:34 

4 Judá = Judas

Judah

Génesis  29:35

5 Dan

Dan

Génesis  30:6

6 Neptalí

Nephtali

Génesis 30:8

7 Gad

Gad

Génesis  30:11

8 Aser

Ashér

Génesis 30:13

9 Isacar

Isachar

Génesis 30:18

10 Zabulón

Zebulun

Génesis 30:20

11 Dina (hermana)

Dinah (sister)

Génesis 30:21

12 José

Joseph

Génesis 30:24

13 Benjamín

Benjamin

Génesis 35:18

 

Nietos de Jacob  español

Grandsons of Jacob English

 

Hijos de Rubén: Henoc,Pal-lú,

Jesrón y Karma

The sons of  Reuben: Hanoch

 Pallu, Hezrón, and Carmí

Génesis 46:9

Hijos de Simeón: Yemuel,  Yamín, Ohad, Yakín, Sojar y Saúl

The sons of Simeón: Jemuel, Jamín, Ohád, Jachín, Zohar and Shaul

Génesis 46:10

Hijos de Leví: Guersón,  Quehat y Merarí

The sons of Leví: Gershón, Kohath, and Merari

Génesis  46:11 

Hijos de Judá: Er, Onán, Selá Peres y Zeraj

The sons of Judah: Er, Onán, Shelah, Perez,  and Zerah

Génesis  46:12

Hijos de Dan: Jusím

The sons of Dan: Hushím

Génesis  46:23

Hijos de Nept:alí: Yajseel, Guní, Yéser, y Sil-leem

The sons of Naphtali: Jahzeél, Guni, Jezer, and Shillem

Génesis 46:24

Hijos de Gad: Sefón, Jagguí, Suni,Esbón, Erí, Arodí y Arelí

The sons of  Gad: Ziphion, Haggi, Shuni, Ezbón, Eri, Arodi,and Areli

Génesis  46:16

Hijos de Aser: Yimná, Yisvá,

Yisví, Beriá y su hermana Seraj

The sons of:Ashér: Imnáh, Ishyah, Ishví, Beriah, with Serah their Sister

Génesis 46:17

Hijos de Isacar: Tolá, Puvá, Yasub y Sinrón

The sons of Isachar: Tola, Puyah, Iob, and Shimrón

Génesis 46:13

Hijos de Zabulón: Séred, Elón y Yajleel, 

The sons of  Zebulun: Séred, Elón,  anf Jahleél

Génesis 46:14

Hijos de JoséJosé: Manasés y Efraím

The sons of Joseph: Manasseh and Ephaim

Génesis 46:20

Hijos de Benjamín: Belá, Béker, Asbél, Querá, Naamán, Ejí, Ros, Muppim, Juppim y Ard

The sons of Benjamin: Bela, Becher, Ashbel, Gera, Naam´n, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim, anf Ard

Génesis 46:21

 

 

 

Español Sumos sacerdotes

English

 

1Crónicas 5:27-41; 6:1-15

1Chronicles 5:27-41;6:1-15

 

1 Aarón

Aaron

 

2 Eleazar

Eleazar

 

3 Finés

Phinhas

 

4  Abisua

Abishua

 

5  Buqui

Bukki

 

6 Uzi

Uzzi

 

7 Zacarías

Zarahiah

 

8 Merayot

Meraioth

 

9  Azarias

Azariah

Esdras (Ezra) 7:3

10 Amarías

Amatoah

 

11 Ahitud

Ahitub

 

12 Sadoq

Zadok

 

13 Ajimaas

Ahimaaz

 

14  Azarías

Asaría

 

15 Yojaman

Johanan

 

16 Azaras

Azariah

 

17 Azaras

Azaras

 

18 Ajitub

Ahitub

 

19  Sadoq

Zadok

 

20 Sal-lum

Shallum

 

21 ilquias

Hilkiah

 

22 Azaras

Azaras

 

23 Seraias

Seraiah

 

24 Yehosadaq

Jehozadak

 

 

 

Gobernantes Español

Rulers   English

Cita bíblica, direct quote of the Bible

Moisés (éxodo)

Moses (Exodus)

Éxodo (Exodus)14:20-33

Josué      

Joshua

unos 28 años(year)

Cusan-Risataím

Cushan-rish-athaim

Jueces (Judges)3:8-10

Debora

Debotah

Jueces (Judges) 4:4

Barac

Barak

Jueces (Judges) 4:6

Otniél

Othniel

Jueces 3:11; Josué 15:17

Eglón (Moab)

Eglon the king of Moab

Jueces (Judges)3:14

Aod 40 x 2

Ehud

Jueces 3:15,30

Sangar                                   

Shamgar

Jueces 3:31 y 5:6

Canaán

Jabin the king of Canaan

Jueces 4:3

Madián

Midian

Jueces 6:1

Gedeón

Gideon

Jueces 8:28

Abimelec

Abimeletch

Jueces 9:22 y 8:31

Tola

Tolah

Jueces 10:1-2

Jaír

Fair the Gileadite

Jueces 10:3-5

Amonitas

Amorites

Jueces 10:8

Jefté

Jephthah

Jueces 12:7

Visan

Ibzan

Jueces 12:8-9

Elón

Elon the Zebulunite

Jueces 12:11

Abdón

Abdón

Jueces 12:14-15

Filisteos

Philistines

Jueces13:1

Sansón

Samson

Jueces 13:2; 15:20; 16:31

Elí (los LXX 20 años)

Eli

1Samuel 4:18 y 1:3

Samuel                                     

Samuel

1Samuel 7:15 a 8:5

 

 

 

 

Reyes de Babilonia

Kinas of  Babylon

 

Español

English

 

Nabucodonosor

Nabuchadnezzar

 

Avilmarduk

 

 

Neriglidsar

 

 

Labasimarduk

 

 

Nabonid

 

 

                                                

Época persa Español

English

Época griega Español

English

Darío

 

Alejandro Magno

 

Jerjes

 

Tolomeo I

 

Artajerjes

 

Tolomeo II

 

Arses

 

Seleuco IV

 

 

 

Antioco V

 

Época romana

 

Demétrio I

 

Pompeyo

 

Alejandro Balas

 

Julio Cesar

 

Demétrio II

 

Antonio

 

Antioco VI

 

Octavio-Augusto

 

Trifon

 

Tiberio

 

Antioco VII

 

Calígula

 

Juan Hircano I

 

Claudio

 

Aristobulo I

 

Nerón

 

Alejandro Janeo

 

Vespasiano

 

Alejandra

 

 

 

Aristobulo II

 

 

Supuestos antepasados  de David y Jesús,    ESPAÑOL

Assumed  genealogy OF  David and Jesus,  ENGLISH

Lucas(Luke)3:31-34, Mateo

(Matthew) 1:1-6

1 Abraham

Abraham

 

2 Isaac

Isaac

 

3 Jacob

Jacob

 

4 Judá

Jude

 

5 Peres

Perez

 

6 Esrón

Hezron

 

7 Ami

Arni

 

Admin.

Admin.

No está en Mateo(Matthew)1:3-4 ni en 1Cronicas (Chronicles) 2:9

8 Aminadab

Amminadab

 

9 Nasón

Nahashon

 

10 Salma

Sala

 

11 Booz

Boaz

 

12 Obed

Obed

 

13 Jesé

Jesse

 

14 David

David

 

                

1 Natán

Nathan

Lucas(Luke)3:23-31

2 Mattatá

Mattatha

 

3 Menná

Menna

 

4 Melea

Melea

 

5 Eliaquim

Eliakim

 

6 Joram

Jonam

 

7 José

Joseph

 

8 Judá

Judah

 

9 Simeón

Simeon

 

10 Leví

Levi

 

11 Matat

Matthat

 

12 Jorím

Jorim

 

13 Eliezer

Eliécer

 

14 Jesús

Joshua

 

15  Er

Er

 

16 Elmadán

Elmadam

 

17 Qosam 

Cosam

 

18 Addi 

Addi

 

19 Melji 

Melchi

 

20 Neri  

Neri

 

21 Salatiel

Shelatiel

 

1 Zorobabel

Zerubabel

 

2 Resá

Rhesa

 

3 Yoanán

Joanan

 

4 Yodá

Joda

 

5 José

Josech

 

 

6 Semeín

Semein

 

7 Matatías

Mattathias

 

8 Maat

Mat.

 

9 Nagai

Naggai

 

10 Esli

Esli

 

11 Nahúm

Nahum

 

12 Amós

Amos

 

13 Matatías

Mattathias

 

14 José

Joseph

 

15 Jannáí

Jannai

 

16 Melqui

Melchi

 

17 Leví

Levi

 

18 Matat

Matthat

 

19 Helí

Heli

 

20 José

Joseph

 

21 Jesús

Jesús

 

 

                                     

1 Salomón

Salompn

Mateo (Mattew) 1:6-11

2 Roboám

Reboham

 

3 Abías

Abiah

 

4 Asá

Asa

 

5 Josafat

Jehosh

 

6 Joram

Joram  

 

7 Ozias

Uzziah

 

8 Jotán

Jotham

 

9 Acaz

Ahaz

 

10 Ezequías

Hezekiah

 

11 Manasés

Manaseh

 

12 Amón

Amos

 

13 Josías

Josiah

 

14

 

 

1 Jeconias

Jechoniah

Mateo (Matthew)1:11-17

2 Salatiel

Shealtial

 

3 Zorobabel

Zerubbabel

 

4 Abihud

Abiud

 

5 Eliaquim

Eliakim

 

6 Azor

Azor

 

7 Sadoc

Zadok

 

 

 

 

8 Aquin

Achim

 

9 Eliud

Eliud

 

10 Eleazar

Eleazar

 

11 Matán

Matan

 

12 Jacob

Jacob

 

13 José

Joseph

 

14 Jesús

Jesús

 

 

                                                      

Español Apostoles

English Apostles

Mateo(Matthew) 10:2-4

1 Simón Pedro

Simon called peter

 

2 Andres

Andrew

 

3 Santiago

James

 

4 Juan

John

 

5Felipe

Philip

 

6 Bartolomé

Bartholomew

 

7 Tomás

Thomas

 

8 Mateo

Matthew

 

9 Santiago e lde Alfeo =(Jacob)

James the son of Alphaeus

 

10 Tadeo

Thaddaeus

 

11 Simón el Cananeo

Simon the Cananaean

 

12 Judas Iscariote =(Judá)

Judas Iscariot

 

 

 

Español Nombres de espiritus

English

 

Miguel

Michael

Daniel 10:13

Gabriel

Gabriel

Daniel 8:16-26

Uriel

Uriel

Henoc

Rafael

Raphael

Tobias 12:6

 

      

Nombre de todo lo que existe           Name of all that exists

Español

English

 

Yo soy el que soy (Yo soy) (Yehová) (Yahveh) (Jehová)

I  AM  WHO  I  AM  ( I AM )

 (I AM HE WHO IS)  (YAHWEH)

Éxodo 3:13-14

Éxodo 6:2-3

 

 

                 

Mujeres        español

Woman        english

 

Eva

Eve

Génesis 2:23 y 3:20

Saray=Sara

Sarai=Sarah

Génesis 17:15

Agar = Hagar

Hagar

Génesis 16:1

Milká

Milcah

Génesis 22:20

Cetura = Queturá

Keturah

Génesis  25:1

Rebeca

Rebekah

Génesis 24:15

Lia = lea

Leah

Génesis 29:16

Raquel

Rachel

Génesis 29:6

Bilha

Bilhah

Génesis 30:3

Zilpa

Zilpah

Génesis 30:9

Dina

Dinah

Génesis  30:21

Mailat

Mahalath

Génesis 28:9

Adá

Adah

Génesis 36.2

Oholibama

Oholibamah

Génesis 36:2

Bat-Suá

Shua

Génesis 38:2

Tamar

Tamar

Génesis 38:6; 1Cronicas 1:9  

Seforá

Zipporah

Éxodo(Exodus) 4:25

Yoquebet =Yokebet

 Jochebed

Números  (Numbers) 26:59

Miriam = Mariam = María

 Miriam (sister of Aaron and Moses)

Exodo 15:20; Números 26:59

María (madre de Jesús)

María (posible hermana de Jesús, mujer de Cleofás)

María (de Magdala)

María (de Betania)(hermana de Lazaro)

Mary (mother of Jesus)

Mary (possible Sister of Jesús, wonan of Clopás)

Mary (of Magdala)

Mary (of Bethany) (Sister of Lazarus)

Mateo (Matthew) 1:16

 

Juan (John) 19:25

Juan (John)  19:25 y 20:1-16)

 

Juan (John) 11:1-54

Rahab = Rajab

Rahah

Josué (Joshua) 2:1

Noemí

Naomi

Rut (Ruth) 1:2

Orpá

Orpah

Rut 1:4

Rut

Ruth

Rut 1:4

Débora

Deborah

Jueces (Judges)5:1

Dalila

Delilah

Jueces (Judges)16:4

Ana

Hannah

1Samuel 1:2; Lucas 2:36

Peninná

Peninnah

1Samuel 1:2

Ajinoam

Abinoam

1Samuel 14:50

Merab

Merab

1Samuel 14:49

Rispá

Rizpáh

2Samuel 21:8

Maaca

Maacah

1Cronicas 9:35

 

 

 

Mujeres de David

Woman of David

 

 Milkal = Mika

Michal

1Samuel 18:20-21

1 Ajinoam

Ahinoam

1Cronicas (1Chronicles)3:1

2 Abigail

Abigail

1Cronicas 3:1

3 Maaka

Maacah

1Cronicas 3:2; 1Reyes(1kings)15:2

4 Jaquit

Haggith

1Cronicas 3:2

5 Abital

Abital

1Cronicas 3:3

6 Eglá

Eglah

1Cronicas 3:3

7 Betsabé = bat-Sua

Bath-Shua

1Cronicas 3:5

 

 

 

Seruá

Zeruáh

1Reyes(1Kings) 11:26

Atará

Atarah

1Cronicas(1Chronicles) 2:26

Haslelpni

Hazzelelponi

1C roñicas 4:3

Jela

Jelah

1Cronicas 4:5

Naara

Naarah

1Cronicas 4:5

Bitia

 

1Cronicas 4:18

Naamá

Naamah

2Cronicas (2Chronicles)12:13

Mikaia

Micaiah

2Cronicas 13:2

Azubá

Azubah

1Reyes 22:42    2Cronicas 20:31

Atalia

Athaliah

2Reyes 8:26    2Cronicas 22:10

Sibia

Zibiah

2Reyes 12:1-2    2Cronicas 24:1

Yehoaddán

Yehoadán

2Reyes 14:1-2    2Cronicas 25:1

Yekoliá

Jecoliah

2Reyes 15;1-2   2Cronicas 26:3

Yerusa

Jerushah

2Cronicas 27:1

Abía

Abíjah

2Cronicas 29:1

 

 

 

Judit

Judith

Judit 8:1

Vasti

Vashti

Ester(Esther) 1:9

Hadassa = Ester

Adassah = Esther

Ester(Esther)  2:7

Ester

Esther

Ester 2:7

Isabel

Elizabeth

Lucas (Luke) 1:36

Juana

Joanna

Lucas 8:3

Susana

Susanna

Lucas 8:3

Marta

Martha

Lucas 10:38

Salomé

Salomé

Marcos 15:40

Lidia

Lydia

Hechos (Acts)16.14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                          

Otros nombres  ESPAÑOL

Other names ENGLISH

 

Melquisedec

Mel-chizedek

Génesis 14:18

Lazaro

Lazarus

Juan (John)11:1

Elias

Elijah

1Reyes(1Kings) 17:1

Eliseo

Elisha

1Reyes (1Kings)19:19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THEME

 

THE    BIBLICAL CHRONOLOGY  

 

The aim of this book is to demonstrate that what the bible says is not totally true, it is relatively true, and I am going to show it with proofs and logical reasons in a way that is easy to understand, taking into account the time, the place and the circumstances in which it was written. Try to explain and reason each of the bible’s tales is a great deal and we would need a very big publication for all that, therefore I have decided to write in this book some brief commentaries, without much explanation, but going directly to the point of the issue, so that it can be clearly understood. 

It is not written in a very reduced form, as if it was a telegraph, in any case I did not extend myself more than necessary, in order to be plainly understood by a public which is not made of theologians or experts in the bible. It is said that liars can be caught easily and in no time. 

 

To understand what is written in this book and see how the Bible really contradicts itself and says many stories and myths, I suggest to the reader to have a Bible available, and to read the bible’s texts to which I am referring to, in order to verify that what I say is true and there is a contradiction in the bible, besides in many cases what is said in it does not agree with what historians say.

 

If the reader has not got a bible, perhaps he can borrow one in a public library, or from an acquaintance who has one, or in a web page with the computer. He does not need to buy one, although it is a book which everybody who wants to achieve the culture of humanity as something historical should have.

 

For the people who think that in the bible there are a lot of myths, this book will help them to defend this idea against the ones who admit that everything which appears in the bible is true.

 

In order to analyse the biblical tales and to know what is true or not, it is necessary to know if it was actually an historical fact. The historians find out proofs to validate a fact and if it happened in the dates that are deduced from the biblical chronology.

 

On one hand we discover that, for instance, a biblical character lived in a determined time, according to the information given by the historians, but according to the biblical chronology, he would have lived in another period, and there is a great difference between the two times. One gets to the conclusion that what is said in the bible is not totally right, although some things are correct, as the fact that a character, as a matter of fact, has existed and therefore one has to think that the bible is a book written by imperfect men.

 

 And if we get to the conclusion that people like Adam, Noah and others actually never existed, because there are proofs that justify that they are a myth, one gets to the conclusion that all the biblical characters that believed in these teachings lived in ignorance of the truth, including people like Jesus of Nazareth who believed that the biblical tale of the creation was real and that Adam and Eve were real historical characters, as it is deduced in the text of Matthew 19:4-5. Jesus thought that the flood mentioned in the bible had actually been a universal flood, and that Noah was a real character, as it is said in Matthew 24:37-39. And if all what is mentioned in the Bible as real events in a specific time of history is not real, than one will get to the conclusion that Jesus was an imperfect man that ignored some things, as a proof that a biblical tale is true because Jesus supported this tale. Now the most important chronological facts are going to be analysed and many contradictions and wrong information contained in the Bible will be shown.

 

The analysis of the biblical chronology shall be done starting from the beginning of our age, from the Jesus’ birth, and getting back in the history, until the human origins according to the bible’s tales.

 

Some different biblical chronologies from the early centuries of the Christians will be mentioned, in order to see that there are quite big differences between them and in this way to have an idea of how vague is the chronological information in the bible.  

 

 

Constantinople’s age:

 

This was very used in the Greek Church, a part of the world creation, and following the chronological details of the Bible, they got to the conclusion that Jesus was born in the year 5509 counting from the first creative day, supposing that all the creation was done in 6 days, including the man.   

 

 

 Alexandrian’s age:

 

The chronological calculation of Julio the African was adopted by the Alexandrian Christians who counted 5500 years from the creation of Adam until the birth of Jesus of Nazareth. 

 

 

Antioch’s world age:

 

The chronological calculation of Julio the African formed the Antioch age. It was adopted by the Syrian Christians by Pandoro’s request, an Egyptian monk of the early fifth century. Pandoro took 10 years away from the calculation of Julio the African, the incarnation of Jesus was placed three years later, so that Jesus was born in the year 5493.  These chronological details were taken out from the Greek version of the 70s, the Bible which was used at that time by Christians.

In the year 1654 of our Lord the archbishop of...

 

The Ussher of Ireland said that the creation of the world had taken place at nine in the morning on the 26 of October in the year 4004 before Christ’s birth, it could be deduced from the book of Holy Writings of the Hebrew texts. For more than one century this detail was taken as valid. Anyone who supposed that this happened in a previous epoch was considered heretic.   

 

 

Currently every religion teaches a different chronology. 

 

The Jews use a calendar that starts from the creation of the first man, Adam, which coincides with the creation. According to their belief everything was created in six days, from Sunday to Friday and then on Saturday in the year 3761 B.C., so that the year 1996 A.C. is the year 5756/7 for the Jews and this calendar is used in an official way in Isrrael, and also for religious matters of the Jews outside of Isrrael.

 

Just a short time after the creation was finished God said, ‘It is done badly, I regret having created the man, I am going to destroy whatever I did with a flood, men, animals and plants.’ The Jewish calendar does not mention if this God goes on working six days and resting one day, or now works continuously without resting, or right now he has retired and is resting all the time.

 

This Jewish chronology was published in the manuscript “Seder Olam Rabrah” (SOR) written in the second half of the second century A.C. But the Jewish did not make a common use of this chronology until the eleventh century. And in the year 1513 the first edition of this book was published.

 

Recently a translation of the book SOR was made and published with the title “The great order of the universe.’ I read it in 1997 and I quoted it in this revised edition of my book about the chronology in 1998.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Now I will mark some chorological details that the Catholic Church demonstrates nowadays according to the biblical chronology of the “Choronological Sinopsis” of Jerusalem.

Facts

The year before the Christian age     

 

The skilful man and the culture of the stone age man: fire, paintings in the caves and languages, popular stories, the Genesis’ stories 1:11. The man (Adam), the human being clever and free, Genesis 1:26. The fall, 10    symbolic generations from Adam to the flood, Genesis 5

 

 

 

2.000.000

 

 

The end of the last ice age, the increase of the recollection; humanity’s expansion. The relationship of the countries, Genesis 10 

 

13.000

Stockbreeding and the agriculture, towns. Abel and Cain. Genesis 4:2; Henos Genesis 4:17

 

9.000

Painted ceramic.

5.000

Metallurgy (copper); the beginning of the hand writing, Sumeria barriers of Uruk-Erek of Genesis 10:10 Tubal-Cain, the father of wrought iron Genesis 4:22

 

 

3.500

The hand writing in Egypt and the construction of the pyramids, the ancient empire.

3.000

The forefathers of Abraham, nomads in Mesopotamia

3000-2000

The Middle Empire in Egypt

2030-1720

The arrival of Abraham in Canaan, towards Egypt

1.850

The Patriarca in Egypt

1.700

The Hebrews in forceful tasks to construct Pi-Ramses Exodus 1:11

1.300

Tutmosis III 1468 campaigns in Palestine and Syria. Exodus, the exit of

Egypt, the law in Sinai, towards the...

 

1.250

Joshua invades Palestine. Joshua 11:10, approximately

1220-1200

The judges, approximately

1200-1025

Saul’s kingdom, approximately

1030-1010

David’s kingdom and Israel

1010-970

The division of the kingdom of Israel and Judah

931

The invasion of Samaria and deportation

721-722

The invasion of the Jerusalem, the deportation to Babylonia

586

The proclamation of Cyrus, the return from the banishment

538

The construction of the second temple

520 a 515

Jesús’ birth 

7-6

Jesús’ death 

30 e.c.

 

 

The Catholic church does not think now that the bible’s tales, from the creation’s tale until the flood, have happened as it is narrated in the bible, with the chronological details that are mentioned, but it does not say that Jesus of Nazareth and his apostles were mistaken when they supported these facts as real, as it can be seen in the Gospel and in others Christian writings that appear in the bible. Besides the Catholic Church goes on teaching the bible’s tales as real, from the creation until flood, in the teaching of the holy history, as something completely real.   

 

In the new catechism of the Catholic Church of 1992, in the point 105 it is said that the Holy Church, faithful to the faith of the apostles, recognises that all the books of the new and old testament are entirely holy and canonical, they are inspired by the Holy Saint, their author is God, and in this way they have to be trusted by the church.       

 

In the new catechism the first human couple’s creation and the tale of the flood at Noah’s time is narrated as if all what is written in the bible was true. But it did not cross the authors’ mind to put in the catechism the details of the biblical chronology, so that the reader of the catechism could check if what the Bible says is true or not.   

The Catechism until the year 1902 says that the creation took place in the year 4004 B.C.

 

  With the church one runs into our friend Sancho: Don Quixote told Sancho.

 

The witnesses of Jehovah believe that each of the seven days of the creation lasted 7000 years and that the man was created at the end of the sixth creative day, in the year 4026 B.C. possibly in autumn. And in the year 1975 of our time it must be 6000 years since the creation of Adam, the first man, and they believe that in a short time the seventh millennium of the seventh creative day or the resting day of God will start. And during these 1000 years they expect that God turns earth into heaven, with a kingdom of 1000 years of Jesus Christ, according to its original purpose when he created the earth. This is reported in Revelation 2o:1-6, in a way that they still have not pronounced the words that put an end to the creative day, and there was a morning and an afternoon of the seventh day, because the seventh day has not finished yet. They expect that people live forever without their carnal body. 

 

To continue with, the biblical chronology taught by the witnesses of Jehovah will be exposed, copied from the books “Everything written is inspired of God and profitable”, “Make sure of everything”.   

 


There is a difference between the Hebrew text and the Greek text, but the chronological details of the bible of the witnesses of Jehovah “The translation of the new world of the Holy writings” coincides almost entirely with the Hebrew text. In order to calculate the time passed from Abraham’s arrival to Canaan, till the Israelites’ flight from Egypt, they took the information interpreting the Greek version of the 70s, because they did not understand exactly from their reckoning what appeared in the Hebrew text during this period, when it mentioned that the Israelites were in Egypt 430 years before, according to Exodus 12:40.  

 

        Jerusalem’s destruction by the Babylonians, according to the witnesses of Jehovah is dated in the year 607 B.C. and this date is very important for them, because from there they count 2520 years, starting from autumn 607 B.C. and ending in autumn 1914 A.C. on the basis of Daniel’s prophecy, Daniel 4:22, about 7 times, that according to the Jehovah’s witnesses, equivalent to 360 years of each time. According to them in the year 1914 A.C. starts the kingdom of Jesus in the Heaven, and the generation that saw the first world war from 1914 to 1918 would have perished before all Jesus’ prophecies would have been fulfilled, according to Matthew 24, and the thousand-year kingdom of Jesus begins on the earth, according to the Revelation or Apocalypses 20:1-6.

 

      During sometime it has been said that a generation lasts about 70 to 80 years according to Psalms 90:10. But 80 years have passed and still does not happen what they were expecting, but they still continue to say the words of Jesus in Matthew chapter 24 about his next coming back and the end of this system of things, it is fulfilled for the generation who lived the First World War in 1914. And as Jesus says in the words that Mateo transmits, will happen such as the flood days of Noah.          

 

If it is showed that Jerusalem was not destroyed by the Babylonians in the year 607 BC, but in the year 586 to 588 as the historians say, the chronology of the Jehovah’s witnesses and their prophecies will come down. 

 

And if one comes to the conclusion that the flood of Noah is a myth, than the words of Jesus, which say that he would come back again as if it were Noah’s day, will let suppose that Jesus believed in those dates about the biblical tale of the flood.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chronology from the creation of Adam, the first man, untill the year 1975 A.C. according to the Jehovah’s witnesses.

 

 

 

YearWorld 

Year A.C.

Creation of Adam

 

    1

4026

When Adam was         130  years old Seth was born

Genesis 5:3

130

3896

When Seth was           105  years old Henos was born

Genesis .5:6

235

3791

When Henos was          90   years old  Kenán was born

Genesis .5:9

325

3701

When Kenán was          70  years old Mahalalel was born

Genesis 5:12

395

3631

When Mahalalel was     65  years old Jaréd was born

Genesis 5:15

460

3566

When Jared was          162   years old Enoch was born

Genesis 5:18

622

3404

When Enoch was           65 years old Methuselah was born

Genesis 5:21

687

3339

When Methuselah was 187 years old Laméch was born

Genesis 5:25

874

3152

When Lamech was       182  years old Noah was born

Gen. 5:28-29

1056

2970

when  Noah was           600  years old falls the flood

Genesis 7:6

1656

2370

2 years after the flood         Arpach was born

Genesis 11:10

1658

2368

When Arpach was          35  years old Sheláh was born

Genesis 11:12

1693

2333

When Sheláh was          30  years old Ebér was born

Genesis 11:14

1723

2303

When Eber was              34   years old  Pelég was born

Genesis 11:16

1757

2269

When Pelég was            30   years old Reu was born

Genesis 11:18

1787

2239

When Reu was              32   years old Serúg was born

Genesis 11:20

1819

2207

When Serúg was           30 years old  Nahór was born

Genesis 11:22

1849

2177

 

When  Nahór was         29  years old  Terah was born

Genesis 11:24

1878

2148

When  Terah was       130 years old  Abraham was born

Genesis11:26 y 12:4

2008

2018

When Abraham was   100   years old  Isaac was born          

Starts a period of        450 years

Genesis  21:2-5  Acts 13:17

 

2108

 

1918

When   Isaac   was      5 years old starts the 400 years affliction

Gálatas 3:17 Exodus 12:40-41; Genesis15:13 and  21:6-9                 5+400+40+5=450

Acts 7:6y   13:17-21

 

2113

 

1913

When 400 years passed they left Egypt. Exodus.12:40

Genesis15:13-14

2513

1513

476  years after leaving Egypt Salomon reigned

1Kings  6:1

2989

1037

Salomon     reigned   40 years  1Kings  11:42

2Chronicles 9:30

3029

997

Rehobo  reigned        17  years  1Kings  14:21

2Chronicles 12:13

2046

980

Abijam reigned             3  years   1Kings 15:1-2

2Choniclesr13:1-2

3049

977

Asa reigned               40  years  1with Abijam 1Kings 15:1-10

2Chroni.14:1 y 16:13

3089

937

Jehoshaphot reigned 25 years  1Kiings  22:41-42

2Chronicles.20:31

3114

912

The kingdom of Jorám  8 years 1Kings 2:42 2Kings 8:16-17

2Chronicles 21:5-2

3122

904

The kingdom of Ahaziah   0 years, 1 with Joram 2kings 8:25 y 26:9

2Chronicles 22:2

3122

904

The kingdom of Athalía 6  years  2kings  11:1-3

2Chronicles 22:10-12

3128

898

The kingdom of   Joásh 40  years  2Kings  12:1

2Chronicles 24:1

3168

858

The kingdom of Amaziah 29 years  2Kings 14:1

2Chronicles 25:1

3197

829

The kingdom of Uzziah  52 years  2Kings 15:1

2Chronicles 26:3

3249

777

 

The kingdom of  Jothám 16 years 2Kings 15:32-33

2Chronicles 27:1

3265

761

The kingdom of   Ahaz    16 years  2Kings 16:1-2

2Chronicles 28:1

3281

745

The kingdom of  Hezekiah 28 years 1 with Acaz 2Kings 18:1-10

2Chronicles 29:1

3309

717

The kingdom of  Manasseh 55 years 2Kings     21:1-2

2Chronicles 33:1

3364

662

The kingdom of   Amón    2 years,  2Kings .21:19

2Chronicles 33:21

3366

660

The kingdom of  Joash   31 years  2Kings  22:1

2Chronicles 34:1

3397

629

Reinó   Jehoahaz             0 years 2 Kings 23:31

2Chronicles 36:2

3397

629

Reinó Jehoiakim             11 years  2  Kings  23:36

2Chronicles 36:05

3408

618

The kingdom of Jehoiakin   0   years  2Kings 24:6-12

2Chroni. 36:9-10

3408

618

The kingdom of  Zedekiah 11 years   2Kings  24:17-18

2Chronicles 36:11

3419

607

Jerusalem destroyed,  begins slavery

2Chronicl 36:11-21

3419

607

Finishes slavery 70 years, 2 years after being taken by

Babilonia Daniel 5.30-31; 9:1-3; 2Kings 25:22-25; 2Chronicles 36:20-21

Jeremiah 25:11-12

Jeremiah  29:10

 

3487

537

Jesus is born  535 years after Israelites returned from Babylon or 537    years the decree of  Cyrus

 

4024

    2

1  year  until the 1º year B.C.  

 

4025

     1

1975  years of this age A.C.

 

6000

1975

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,1 From the fall of Babylon until the Beginning of the Christian calendar

 

  When was Jesus born?

 

The text of Luke 3:1‑3, 21, 23, says that Jesus was christened when he was 30 years old, in the 15º year of Tiberius Caesar, when Pontius Pilate was the governor of    Judea and Herod was the governor of Galilee.

 

On the basis of the bible’s information, the beginning of our calendar is established in the Christian age, making it coincide with the year in which Jesus was born, but later on it was noticed that Jesus was not born in that year, but 6 or 17 years before. According to the historical information, Herod died in the year 4 A.C., and according to the bible’s information, Jesus would have been born several years before, possibly in the year 7-17 A.C., so that he would be 34 years when he was christened in the 15º year of Tiberius Caesar, which would probably be the 27º year of our calendar. And he was about 37-49 years old when he died, in the year 30-33  BC. (40-50 years, John 8:57)  where it puts, you have not arrived to the 50 years..

 

The author of John gospel, seems that on one hand, he speaks of if same pobiendose in his writing, as an anonymous youth that frequently accompanies the apostle Peter, John 13:23; 18:16; 19:26; 20:2-10; 21:7-23; while to Jesus it seems that it puts him/her in a next age to the 50 years, John 8:57. For the esdad difference, he/she could be Jesus John father, and next to die Jesus, he/she calls to John son, and to Mary of Magdala, mother of John, John 19:25-27. And on the other hand, Mary of Magdala, requests Jesus supposedly deceased body, as if she was the relative but near, to who corresponds him/her in these cases, the attentions of the dead body. John 20:1-18.
3 Marys John 19:25, they could be: Jesus mother, Jesus sister, with the same name that the mother, and Jesus wife, Mary of Magdala

 

The wrong calculation was done by Dionysius the exiguous that introduced this calendar in Italy in the 6º century. Comparing this calendar of the Christian age with the Roman one, we learn that Herod died in the year 753 of the Roman Empire.

 

The period of 46 years for the construction of the mentioned temple (John 2:20) began between the years 20º to 19º A.C.

 

Therefore counting from Jesus’ birth, we passed from the year 2000 at the time of this book, in the year 1996.

 

The crucifixion of Jesus happened in the 13º month Nisan of the Jewish calendar, which corresponds with the month April of our calendar.

It is not mentioned in the Bible in which epoch of the year Jesus’ birth occurred.

When was Jerusalem destroyed by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar?

 

According to the information which appears in encyclopaedias and history books, Jerusalem was destroyed in the year 586 or 587, and the Jewish came back to Babylon to reconstruct Jerusalem after Cyrus’s edict which started to be applied in Babylon in the year 539 and a little bit afterwards he allowed the ones who did not want to leave.

 

 Therefore Jerusalem did not remain ruined for 70 years, as it is said in the biblical texts, in Daniel 9:1-2; Jeremiah 25:11-12; 29:10; 2Chronicles 36:20-21.

 

Jerusalem’s world remained destroyed for about 50 years from 587 to 537 B.C. approximately, and besides during this time the lands near Jerusalem were farmed, as it is showed in the Jerusalem’s texts 40:1-12. 

 

The historical details about this period, from Jerusalem’s destruction until the invasion of the Babylonians, are the following:

 

Nabuchadnezzar

Reigned from

605 to 562 B.C.

Avilmarduk

   “

562  - 560

Neriglisar

   “

560  - 556

Labasimarduk

   “

556  - 556

Nabonid

   “

556  - 539

 

Jerusalem was destroyed in the year 19 of Nabuchadnezzar, according to the biblical text of Jeremiah 52:12-16, this year would be 586 B.C., and until the return of the Jewish people from captivity, considered as some say in the year 586 BC, Jerusalem’s destruction time is still reduced to 48 years. Not 70 as it is stated in the bible in 2Chronicles 36:19-12, they would have scored better if at the time they mentioned that the earth paid its Saturdays they would have said a complete Jubilee, which is celebrated every fifty year, seven times seven years, plus the year of the jubilee 7x7+1=50. Leviticus 25:8-17. But as it has not been the case, because the writer of the book of chronicles joined the saying which appears in Jeremiah’s book, in order to say that the prophecy was fulfilled, so one can see that what is written the bible about the 70 years is not true. 

 

Another way to demonstrate that what appears in Bible about the duration of banishment is not true can be seen going through Daniel’s book. This book is an imaginary tale, possibly set around the year 164 B.C. The historical details that are mentioned do match neither between each other nor with the history.   

 

         If what is written in the Daniel’s book was true, then we could work out how old Daniel was at the end of his service as a messenger, and we could see that his age would be very old, it is logical to think that the captivity cannot last 70 years counting from the destruction of Jerusalem.    

 

In the first chapter of Daniel it is mentioned that Daniel was was captured in Babylon when he was a child, in the third year of the Jehoiakim’s reign in Judah, which would be the first year of Nebuchadnezzar’s reign in Babylon. And in Daniel the chapter 2 it is mentioned that in the second year of Nebuchadnezzar’s reign Daniel interpreted a dream about Nebuchadnezzar, when he was already a man, according to Daniel 2:25. According to this fact, he passed from being a child to a man in just one year and apparently he had already learnt the language of Caldeos. This is a little bit contradictory, from one year to another he could pass from being a young man, but not a man. But supposing that it was true, that Daniel was a boy of 15 years old when he was taken to Babylon during the first year of Nebuchadnezzar, and that in the second year of Nebuchadnezzar Daniel would have became a man of 16 years old, then Daniel would be 34 years old when Jerusalem was destroyed in the year of 19 of Nebuchadnezzar, and in this way one counts 70 years from Jerusalem’s desolation.  One would realize that he ought to be 104 when the captivity finished, in the year 538 B.C. during the second year of Cyrus in Babylon. Daniel was still in the court of Babylon and conjecture in the third year of Cyrus, according to Daniel 10:1. In Daniel 9:1-2 it is mentioned that after the fall of Babylon Darius,  Asuero’s son, from the descendent of Medes, and Daniel interpreted on behalf of the books the number of the years of which the word of  Jehovah, had occurred to Jeremiah the messenger, to fulfil the destructions of Jerusalem that would be 70 years. And it is very little probable that Daniel would be still active in such advanced age of 105 years old, and one can suppose he was 16 years old then. One can assume that it was referring to the king Darius who was living at the same time as king Cyrus, although this detail does not appear in the historical registers, it seems that the writer confuses Darius with Cyrus.                           

 

         According to historical registers there were three kings with the name Darius, a long time after Cyrus: the first Darius (522-480), the second Darius from (423-405) and the third Darius (338-333). The first Darius allowed the Jewish to go on with the works of the temples, according to Haggan 1:1 and Zechariah 1:1, and by that date if Daniel was still alive, he must have been 131 years old. And if it referred to the third Darius, Daniel would be about 305 years old then. If one trusts Daniel’s book, it is almost sure that it did not pass 70 years from Jerusalem’s devastation, which obviously is not completely true, and Daniel’s book which was written a long time after the events narrated by an anonymous character, and much after the reigns of the three Darius.      

 

In Daniel 1:21 it is mentioned that Daniel was in the Babylon until the first year of the king Cyrus, and Cyrus started his kingdom in the year 555 as the king of Persians, in the year 549 as the king of Medes and Persians, and in the year 539 as the king of Babylon. 

 

The author writes Daniel’s book after the three kingas with the name of Darius and it is believed he confuses the name Cyrus with Darius. 

 

         Another character of the banishment’s epoch is Mordecai. In the same way, as other bible’s books, Esther’s book, is also an imaginary tale, it was possibly written between the years 175 and 150 BC and in Esther 2:5-6 it is mentioned that there was in the city of Susa a Jewish from the tribe of Benjamin which had been thrown out of Jerusalem when Jaconias was the king of Judah, during the deportation of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon. And it is mentioned through the entire book of Esther that Mordecai was serving in the palace of the king Ahasuerus, which is supposed to be the king Jerjes I or also called Artajerjes I, who ruled from 486 to 465 BC, in this way 115 years had passed from the deportation at the time of the king Jeconias (also called Eliaquin or Yoyaquim and Joaquin), to the year 598, until the third year of Ahasuerus’ reign, in 483 according to Esther 1:3.        

 

And counting until the end of Ahasuerus’s reign, in the year 465, which as a result is given that Mordecai would be about 133 years old, which is too much. In this way one gets to the conclusion that the chronological details of the Bible are imagined.

 

 

And counting till the end of Ahasuerus’ reign, in the year 465, the result is that Mordecai would have been 133 years old, which is too much. In this way one gets to the conclusion that the Bible’s chronological details are imagined by its writer, and what is written in the Bible is not true. Regarding the seven books which appear only in some Bibles, as in the Catholic Church’s Bible, the differences between the tales and the historical dates are still bigger, as I mention next. These books are: Tobias, Judith, 1 Macabeos, 2 Macabeos, Wiseness, Ecclesiastico and Baruc. 

 


In Judith 1:1-4 it is written: Nebuchadrezzar, king of Assyria, reined in the big city of Nineveh for twelve years. At the same time Arfadax, king de Media, was reigning in Ecbatana. He fortified Ecbatana with a wall of cut stones; it was 3 cubits large (1,5 meters)  and 6 cubits long, 70 cubits high (35 m) and 50 cubits large (25 m). On the top of the city’s doors he erected towers; they were 100 m high y 30 m large at the bases. The doors were 35 m high and 20 m large, so that its army could pass handily.

 

         As one can notice, the writer of Judith book does not know history and he writes information that he imagines. In fact, Nebuchadrezzar was the king of Babylon and he reigned in the city of Babylon, not in Nineveh, besides Nineveh was destructed by Nabopolassar, Nebuchadrezzar’s father. In the same way, the exile under Cyrus is presented as a fact that actually happened, according to Judith 4:3 y 5:18.

 

According to Tobias’ book, the old Tobit witnessed in his young age the division de the kingdom at the time Salomon died in the year 931, Tobias 1:4. He was deported with the tribe of Neftali in the year 734, Tobias 1:5-10, and his son Tobias did not die till the end of the destruction of Nineveh, in the year 612, Tobias 14:15. In this book Sanaquerit is supposed to be Stomanasar’s successor, Tobias 1:15, leaving out  Sargon’s reign.

 

The way from Raques to Ecbatana would not last more than two days by walking, according to Tobias 5:6, but actually Ecbatana was situated 300 kilometers from Raques and it was 200 meters higher than Raques, on the contrary of what the book says, which locates Ecbatana in the plain and Raques on the mountains.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.2 FROM THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLE BY SALOMON UNTIL THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLE AFTER THE BANISHMENT.

 

         The chronological period between the fall of Samaria and the destruction of Jerusalem seems to be right in the Bible; the dates are not very different from the real ones. The time period indicated in the Bible is 133 years and, according to the tale, the occupation of Samaria happened around the years 721, 722 and the fall of Jerusalem around the years 586, 587, which are 135 years. But there are many differences in the distribution of this time between the biblical tale and the historians’ details. According to the biblical tale, the occupation of Samaria happened in the year 51 of the reign of Hezekiah, king of Judah, but according to some historians the occupation of Samaria happened when in Judah was reigning Ahaz, Hezekiah’s father.  This information is doubtful among the historians.

 

Another issue is about the time from the division of the kingdom of Israel and Judah to Salomon’s death and the fall of Samaria. Besides, counting the years of reign of the kings of Judah and, on the other side, the years of reig of Israel’s kings, for the same time period, it gives us a difference de 18 years, 295,5 years for Judah and for Israel, as I mention next.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Kings of Israel

Kings of Judah

Jeroboam I

22

1Kings 14:20 

Rehobo

17

1Kings 14:21

Nadab

2

1Kings 15:25

Abijah

3

1Kings 15:1-2

Baasha

24

1Kings 15:33

Asa

41

1Kings 15:9-10

Elah

2

1Kings 16:8

 

 

 

Zimri

       0

1Kings 16:15

 

 

 

Omri

12

1Kings 16:23            

Jehoshaphat

5

1Kings 22:41-42

Ahab

22

1Kings 16:29

Jehoram

8

2Kings 8:16-17

Ahaziah

2

1Kings 22:51

 

 

 

Jehoram

12

2Kings 3:1

Ahaziah

1

2Kings 8:26

Jehu

28

2Kings 10:36

Athaliah

6

2Kings 11:3

Jehoahaz

17

2Kings 13:1

Hojas

40

2Kings 12:1

Hojas

16

2Kings 13:10

Amaziah

29

2Kings 14:1-2

Jeroboam II   

41

2Kings 14:23

Uzziah

52

2Kings 15:1-2

Zechariah

 0.5

2Kings 15:8

 

 

 

 Salun

0.08

2Kings 15:13

Jotan

 16

2Kings 15:3233

Menahen

10

2Kings 15:17

 

 

 

Pekahia

2

2Kings 15:23

 

 

 

Peka

20

2Kings 15:27

Ahaz

16

2Kings 16:2

Hoshea

9

2Kings 17:1

Hezekiah

5.5

2Kings 18:1-2

Total

241.58

 

 

259.5

 

          

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                     


  Kings of Israel, synchronization with the kings of Judah

 

     Appointed

Synchronized

 

Jeroboam I

22

22

from 1 of Rehobo to 2 of Asa; 1Kings. 14:20 and 15:25

Nadad

2

1

from 2 to 3 of Asa; 1Kings 15:25-33

Baasha

24

23

from 3 to 26 of Asa; 1Kings.15:33 and 16:8

Elah

2

1

from 26 to 27 of Asa; 1Kings.16:8-15

Zimri

0

0

from 27 to 27 of Asa; 1Kings.16:15

Omri

12

11

from 27 to 38 of Asa; 1Kings. 16:23-29

Ahab

22

20

from 38 of Asa to 17 of Jehoshaphat; 1Kings.19:29 and 22:51

Ahaziah

2

1

from 17 to 181 of Jehoshaphat; 1Kings.22:51 and 2Kings. 3:1

Jehoram

12

16

from 18 of Jehoshaphat tol 1 of Ahaziah 2Kings.3:1;9:26

Jehu

28

29

from 1 of Athaliah to 23 of Hojas; 2Kings.8:25-26 and 13:1

Jehoahaz

17

14

from 23 to 37 of Hojas; 2Kings.13:1-10

Hoas

16

18

from 37 of Hojas to 15 of Amaziah; 2Kings. 13:10 and 14:23 

 Jeroboam II

41

52

from 15 of Amaziah to 38 of Azarias; 2Kings. 14:23 and 15:8

Zechariah and Shallum

0.5

1

from 38 to 39 of Azaras; 2Kings15:8-17

Menahem

10

11

from 39 to 50 of Azarías; 2Kings15:17-23

Pekahiah

2

2

from 50 to 52 of Azarías; 2Kings.15:23-27

Peca

20

28

from 52 of Azarías to 12 of Ahaz; 2Kings.15:27 and 17:1

Oshea

9

10

from 12 of Ahaz to 6 of Hezekiah; 2Kings.17:1-5 and  18:1-11

Total

241.5

260

 18.5 years of difference

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kings of Judah, synchronization with the kings of Israel

 

Appointed

Synchronized

 

Rehobo

17

17

From 1 to 18 of Jerehobo; 1Kings. 15:1

Abijah

3

2

From 18 to 20 of Jerehobo; 1Kings. 15:1

Asa

41

46

From 20 of Jerehobo to 4 of Acab; 1Kings.15:9 and 22:41

Jehoshaphat

25

25

From 4 of Acab to 5 of Jehoram; 1Kings.22:41 and           2Kings. 8:16

Jehoram

8

7

From 5 al 12 of Jehoram; 2Kings.8:16-25

Ahaziah

1

1

From 12 of Jehoram to 1 of Jehu; 2Kings.8:25 al 9:29

Athaliah

6

6

From 1 to 7 of Jehu; 2Kings and.11:1-3 and 12:1

Hojas

40

40

From 7 of Jehu to 2 of Hojas; 2Kings.12:1 and 14:1

Amaziah

29

41

From 2 of Hojas to 27 of Jerehobo; 2Kings.14:1 and 15:1

Uzzíah

52

29

From 27of Jerehobo to 2 of Peka;   2Kings 15:1-32

Jotán

16

15

From 2 to 17 of Peca; 2Kings.15:32 and 16:1

Ahaz

16

6

From 17 to Peca al 3 of Oseas; 2Kings.16:1 and 18:1

Hezekiah

5,5

 6

From 3 to 9 of Oseas. 2Kings 18:1,9,10

Total

259,5

241

18,5 years of difference

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comparison between the figures which are mentioned in the Bible about the kings of Israel and the dates given by the historians.

 

Kings, first and second book.

 

 

 

Bible

 

Historians

B.C.

Name

Appointed

Synchronized

Time

Date

Jerohoam I

22

22

21

931-910

Nadab

  2

 1

 1

910-909

Baasha

24

23

23

909-886

Elah

 2 

  1

 1

886-885

Zimri

 0

 0

885-885

Omri

12

11

11

885-874

Ahab

22

20

21

874-853

Ahaziah

 2

 1

 1

853-852

Jehoram

12

16

 11

852-841

Jehu

28

29

27

841-814

Jehoahaz

17

14

16

814-798

Hojas

16

18

15

798-783

Jeroboham II

41

52

40

783-743

Zechariah

0,5

 1

0,5

743-743

Salun

0,08

 0

 0

743-743

Menahem

10

11

4,5

743-738

Pekahiah

 2

 2

 1

738-737

Peca

20

28

 5

737-732

Oshea

 9

10 

  8

732-724

 

 

 

  3

724-721

Total

241,58

260

210

931-721

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                      

Comparison between the figures which are mentioned in the Bible about the     kingdom of Judah and the dates which are given by the historians:

Kings, first and second book.

                   

 

Bible

 

 

Historians

B.C.

Name

Appointed

Synchronized

Time

Date

Rohobo

17

17

17.5

931-913

Abijah

 3

 2

 2.5

913-911

Asa        

41

46

41

911-870

Jehoshaphat

25

25

22

870-848

Jehoram

 8

 7

 6.5

848-841

Ahaziah

 1

 1

 0.5

841-841

Athaliah

 6

 6

 6

841-835

Hojas

40

40

39

835-796

Amaziah

29

41

15

796-781

Uzzríash

52

29

41

781-740

Jothám

16

15

 4

740-736

Ahaz

16

 6

20

736-716

Hezekiah

29

 6+23

29

716-687

Manasseh

55

 

45

687-642

Amon

 2

 

 2

642-640

Josiah

31

 

31

640-609

Jehoahaz

 0.25

 

 0.25

609-609

Jeoiakim

11

 

11

609-598

Jehoiachin

 0.25

 

 0.25

598-598

Zedekiah

10.5

 

10.5

598-587

Total

393

241+133

344

931-587

 

 

According to the book “All writings are inspired by God and are useful” and it says that from the division of the kingdom and the fall of Jerusalem 390 years had passed, interpreting Ezekiel’s prophecy 4:5‑6; For I assign to you a number of days, 390 days, equal to the number of the years of their punishment; so long shall you bear the punishment of the house of Israel.

 

 

 

 

This text is not translated in the same way in all the Bibles. In the Bible of “Ediciones Paulinas” in Ezekiel 4:5 the years are 190 instead of 390, and in the Greek version of The Seventies three time periods are mentioned; two for the house of Israel, one of 150 years and the other of 190 years, and one period of 40 years for the house of Judah. If we sum the three figures we get to an amount of 380 years, and this figure agrees with history: from the construction of the temple by Salomon in the year 967 till the destruction of the temple by the Babylonians in the year 587.

 

The three figures that are mentioned in the Greek Bible of The Senventies do not agree with the three single periods of Israel’s history, but the total amount does agree, as I mention next.